To the Vatican, neutrality meant remaining apart from the two power blocs and, most important, maintaining an environment in which the church could operate as freely and openly as possible. The Vatican has responded with the publication of a voluminous collection of documents on the role of the Holy See during the war, generating one of the most extensive historical discussions of the many ethical questions associated with the history of the Holocaust.
German-occupied EuropeConcentration and extermination camps, and ghettos. Territories of the Axis Powers are in olive green. The logistics of the mass murder turned the country into what Michael Berenbaum called "a genocidal state".
Bureaucrats identified who was a Jew, confiscated property, and scheduled trains that deported Jews. Companies fired Jews and later employed them as slave labour. Universities dismissed Jewish faculty and students. German pharmaceutical companies tested drugs on camp prisoners; other companies built the crematoria.
The killings were systematically conducted in virtually all areas of occupied Europe —more than 20 occupied countries. Hundreds of thousands more died in the rest of Europe.
They included the head of the German Red Cross, tenured professors, clinic directors, and biomedical researchers. Some dealt with sterilization of men and women, the treatment of war wounds, ways to counteract chemical weapons, research into new vaccines and drugs, and the survival of harsh conditions.
History of the Jews in GermanyChristianity and antisemitismMartin Luther and antisemitismReligious antisemitismand Racial antisemitism Throughout the Middle Ages in Europe, Jews were subjected to antisemitism based on Christian theology, which blamed them for killing Jesus.
Even after the ReformationCatholicism and Lutheranism continued to persecute Jews, accusing them of blood libels and subjecting them to pogroms and expulsions. The movement embraced a pseudo-scientific racism that viewed Jews as a race whose members were locked in mortal combat with the Aryan race for world domination.
This did not mean that antisemitism had disappeared; instead it was incorporated into the platforms of several mainstream political parties. Many Germans did not accept that their country had been defeated, which gave birth to the stab-in-the-back myth. Inflaming the anti-Jewish sentiment was the apparent over-representation of Jews in the leadership of communist revolutionary governments in Europe, such as Ernst Tollerhead of a short-lived revolutionary government in Bavaria.
This perception contributed to the canard of Jewish Bolshevism. Open about his hatred of Jews, he subscribed to the common antisemitic stereotypes. He viewed Marxism as a Jewish doctrine, said he was fighting against " Jewish Marxism ", and believed that Jews had created communism as part of a conspiracy to destroy Germany.
Enemies were divided into three groups: The latter two groups were to be sent to concentration camps for "re-education", with the aim of eventual absorption into the Volksgemeinschaft. Jews were not allowed to own farms.
Works by Jewish composers,  authors, and artists were excluded from publications, performances, and exhibitions. Fellow citizen, that is your money too.Under the leadership of Adolf Hitler (), the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, or Nazi Party, grew into a mass movement and ruled Germany through totalitarian means from to.
Crimes against the Polish nation committed by Nazi Germany and collaborationist forces during the invasion of Poland, along with auxiliary battalions during the subsequent occupation of Poland in World War II,, consisted of the systematic extermination of Jewish Poles and the murder of millions of (non-Jewish) ethnic Poles.
It is not always fully appreciated that the Vatican was neutral during the Second World War, having committed itself from the very outset to a policy of conciliation that marked church diplomacy in the inter-war period.
To the Vatican, neutrality meant remaining apart from the two power blocs and. 1. Overviews of The Nazi Holocaust --this Ultimate Example of Man's Inhumanity to Man.
The Jewish enemy: Nazi propaganda during World War II and the The Jews, the War, and the Holocaust 1 2. Building the Anti-Semitic Consensus 17 3. “International Jewry” and the Origins of World War II 50 4.
At War against the Alliance of Bolshevism and. Lithuania wants to erase its ugly history of Nazi collaboration—by accusing Jewish partisans who fought the Germans of war crimes.
The Scourge of the Swastika: A History of Nazi War Crimes During World War II [Edward Frederick Langley Russell] on grupobittia.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. When discussing the German war crimes of the Second World War, modern histories have focused on the Holocaust. While the Final Solution was a unique and unparalleled horror. The Jewish enemy: Nazi propaganda during World War II and the The Jews, the War, and the Holocaust 1 2. Building the Anti-Semitic Consensus 17 3. “International Jewry” and the Origins of World War II 50 4. At War against the Alliance of Bolshevism and. A similarity between Nazi policies towards Jews during World War II and policies in other countries during preceding centuries was that Nazis discriminated against Jews. In , the United Nations helped create a country.