An important expression of Romanticism in the United States, it is principally associated with the work of essayist and poet Ralph Waldo Emerson; journalist and feminist theorist Margaret Fuller; Unitarian minister and antislavery advocate Theodore Parker; and essayist, naturalist, and political theorist Henry David Thoreau. In their initial phase, the transcendentalists extended the Unitarian theological rebellion against Puritan Calvinism, moving toward a post-Christian spirituality that held each man and woman capable of spiritual development and fulfillment. They developed literary as well as theological forms of expression, making perhaps a stronger impact on American literary and artistic culture than they did on American religion.
Concord, Massachusetts, a village not far from Cambridge, was the home of leaders of another important New England group. The way for this group had been prepared by the rise of a theological system, Unitarianism, which early in the 19th century had replaced Calvinism… Eclectic and cosmopolitan in its sources and part of the Romantic movement, New England Transcendentalism originated in the area around ConcordMassachusettsand from to represented a battle between the younger and older generations and the emergence of a new national culture based on native materials.
Channingand W. The writings of the Transcendentalists and those of contemporaries such as Walt WhitmanHerman Melvilleand Nathaniel Hawthornefor whom they prepared the ground, represent the first flowering of the American artistic genius and introduced the American Renaissance in literature see also American literature: In their religious quest, the Transcendentalists rejected the conventions of 18th-century thought, and what began in a dissatisfaction with Unitarianism developed into a repudiation of the whole established order.
They were leaders in such contemporary reform movements as anarchisticsocialisticand communistic schemes for living Thoreau, Alcott at Fruitlands, Ripley at Brook Farm ; woman suffrage ; better conditions for workers; temperance for all; modifications of dress and diet; the rise of free religion; educational innovation; and other humanitarian causes.
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Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Trancendentalism. In the early to mid-nineteenth century, a philosophical movement known as Transcendentalism took root in America and evolved into a predominantly literary expression.
Transcendentalism or Transcendentalist movement which began flourishing in the early 19th century America, especially in New England, was based on some of the concepts of Transcendental Philosophy but did not strictly follow it.
In America “transcendentalism” was mostly used in a literary form having a semi religious nature. You may login with either your assigned username or your e-mail address.
During the midth century, Transcendentalist writers had a strong influence over the formation of "utopian communities," since there were many prominent ideas of forward social change/5(20). Watch video · Transcendentalism is a 19th-century school of American theological and philosophical thought that combined respect for nature and self-sufficiency with .
Transcendentalism, 19th-century movement of writers and philosophers in New England who were loosely bound together by adherence to an idealistic system of thought based on a belief in the essential unity of all creation, the innate goodness of humanity.