An Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness. Role and Nature"] was supervised by Henri Delacroix.
Paul said that money is the root of all evil, even though he actually said that the love of money is the root of all evil. Sartre says that the Other — that which is not ourselves — is, or can be, a source of our distress.
Sartre spelled out this meaning in a talk that preceded a recording of the play issued in It has been thought that what I meant by that was that our relations with other people are always poisoned, that they are invariably hellish relations.
But what I really mean is something totally different.
I mean that if relations with someone else are twisted, vitiated, then that other person can only be hell. We judge ourselves with the means other people have and have given us for judging ourselves. But that does not at all mean that one cannot have relations with other people.
It simply brings out the capital importance of all other people for each one of us. The Other, Sartre says in the quotation, is that by which we define ourselves, and the punishment of his three characters is that they will only ever be able to define themselves through the distorting mirrors of other people who reflect them badly, while at the same time they see themselves reflected badly in others as well.
Sartre uses the idea of the mirror to great effect in the play — there are none in hell, and in order to see themselves, as it were, from the outside, the characters have to rely on the way that others see them. In fact, the concept that our self-knowledge as a product of the way we see ourselves in the Other is a fundamental principle of his philosophy.
A good way to approach this additional meaning is to start by asking why these people are in hell at all. Sartre does not really play with traditional ideas about why people might go to hell.
There are perfectly good reasons for these people to be there. Inez describes how she broke up a marriage so she could gain access to the wife Inez is a lesbian. But Sartre makes it clear that actions alone are not the only reasons the characters of the play find themselves in hell.
They are damned in their essences. Cradeau always does anything he can to preserve his own self-interests, an attitude that leads to his collaboration with the Nazis.
Estelle is only interested in others to the extent that they pay attention to her. Inez sees other people only as targets for her manipulation. An existentialist might argue whether people have essences, so perhaps it is more accurate to say that nothing we see in their behavior would lead us to think they ever would behave any differently than they do.
The furniture echoes the dialogue — it feels superficial even when it is ornate. In other words, the characters are in hell because they are trivial, pretentious people.
Their concern for the world goes only as far as the extent to which the world services their needs. Why should the world be responsible for the actions of any of us?
Who should I blame for what I am except myself? A character says it, because he steadfastly refuses to see that that he and he alone is responsible for his own behavior. The characters have built hell with their own hands; they are the ones who will have to take it apart again.Her use of the word “horrors” to describe bad furniture is a rather ironic choice as in a place like hell one would expect greater “horrors”.
This concern is also further highlighted when she complains about her dress clashing with the sofa as she remarks, “It would be too horrible for words. Jean-Paul Sartre's portrayal of Hell in No Exit is fueled with dramatic irony, implemented in order to amuse the reader.
Sartre's illustration of Hades is very psychological, and instead of Satan agonizing you, Jean Paul Sartres Writing - No Exit Essay.
General Comment"Bismillah" is the opening word in the Qu'ran (Koran) and literally means "In the name of Allah." "Scaramouch" according to the dictionary means "a stock character who appears as a boastful coward." "Beelzebub" is one of the many names given to the .
Jun 10, · Sart Drugs: Use of speed in writing the Critique and Flaubert Sartre, “Self-Portrait at Seventy,” (p. 18 P) [Michel Contat] “ Yet from Simone de Beauvoir’s memoirs, we know that since about the year you have worked with a feeling of extreme urgency. Here is an explanation of what Sartre really meant by “Hell is other people.” The quote comes at the close of the play No Exit (Huis Clos, in French) which Sartre wrote in No Exit depicts the arrival of three characters – Garcin, Estelle, and Inez – in hell – which happens to be a drawing room.
Hell is Other People “Only in the self can the drama of truth occur. A crowd is untruth.” - Kierkegaard On a literal level, Sartre’s play, “No Exit”, is an account of three individuals damned to a hell unlike any other. The first and only Act opens upon the arrival of Garcin.