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Identify the different types of context clues.
Practice using context clues while reading. Context clues are bits of information within a text that will assist you in deciphering the meaning of unknown words. Since most of your knowledge of vocabulary comes from reading, it is important that you recognize context clues.
By becoming more aware of particular words and phrases surrounding a difficult word, you can make logical guesses about its meaning. The following are the different types of context clues: Brief definition or restatement Examples Brief Definition or Restatement Sometimes a text directly states the definition or a restatement of the unknown word.
The brief definition or restatement is signaled by a word or a punctuation mark. Consider the following example: If you visit Alaska, you will likely see many glaciers, or slow moving masses of ice.
In this sentence, the word glaciers is defined by the phrase that follows the signal word or, which is slow moving masses of ice. In other instances, the text may restate the meaning of the word in a different way, by using punctuation as a signal. Look at the following example: Marina was indignant—fuming mad—when she discovered her brother had left for the party without her.
Although fuming mad is not a formal definition of the word indignant, it does serve to define it. These two examples use signals—the word or and the punctuation dashes—to indicate the meaning of the unfamiliar word.
Other signals to look for are the words is, as, means, known as, and refers to. Synonyms and Antonyms Sometimes a text gives a synonym of the unknown word to signal the meaning of the unfamiliar word: When you interpret an image, you actively question and examine what the image connotes and suggests.
In this sentence the word suggests is a synonym of the word connotes. The word and sometimes signals synonyms. Likewise, the word but may signal a contrast, which can help you define a word by its antonym. I abhor clothes shopping, but I adore grocery shopping. The word abhor is contrasted with its opposite: From this context, the reader can guess that abhor means to dislike greatly.
Examples Sometimes a text will give you an example of the word that sheds light on its meaning: Although ailurophobia is an unknown word, the sentence gives an example of its effects. Based on this example, a reader could confidently surmise that the word means a fear of cats.
Tip Look for signal words like such as, for instance, and for example. Exercise 1 Identify the context clue that helps define the underlined words in each of the following sentences. Write the context clue on your own sheet of paper.
Lucinda is very adroit on the balance beam, but Constance is rather clumsy. I saw the entomologist, a scientist who studies insects, cradle the giant dung beetle in her palm. His rancor, or hatred, for socializing resulted in a life of loneliness and boredom.
Martin was mortified, way beyond embarrassment, when his friends teamed up to shove him into the pool. The petulant four-year-old had a baby sister who was, on the contrary, not grouchy at all.
The philosophy teacher presented the students with several conundrums, or riddles, to solve. Most Americans are omnivores, people that eat both plants and animals. Elena is effervescent, as excited as a cheerleader, for example, when she meets someone for the first time.
Exercise 2 On your own sheet of paper, write the name of the context clue that helps to define the underlined words. Maggie was a precocious child to say the least. She produced brilliant watercolor paintings by the age of three.
Little Maggie never gloated or took pride in her paintings; she just smiled contentedly when she finished one and requested her parents give it to someone as a gift.Use Context Clues. Context clues can help you figure out the meaning of a word or phrase you don’t know. These clues can be found in the words and sentences surrounding the unknown word or phrase.
There are many kinds of context clues readers can look for when trying to figure out unfamiliar text.
Context clues are more commonly found in nonfiction texts than in fiction, though they are found in children's literature, often with the goal of building readers' vocabulary. Words can have multiple meanings, so being able to infer the correct meaning from context is .
Suitable for grades 3 - 8, Word Confusion lets you help Regan the Vegan make a salad by finding the missing words. Play Word Confusion online, here. Providing educators and students access to the highest quality practices and resources in reading and language arts instruction.
Context Clues to use when Writing Sentences. Kinds of Context CluesKinds of Context Clues APPOSITIVEAPPOSITIVE- a phrase following the word which gives the meaning, and and is set off by grupobittia.com set off by commas. Reviewing the examples of context clues in this article will help explain the concept.
A context clue is a source of information about a word that helps readers understand the word. This word or phrase offers insight, either directly or indirectly, into the word's meaning.