In the Ghats, some areas receive as much as inches centimeters of rainfall during the monsoon. East of the Ghats, however, rainfall drops to between 20 and 40 inches 50 to centimeters. Dialects of Marathi include Konkani, Varadhi, and Nagpuri.
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Internationalisation is the adaptive strategic response of an institution or nation to the forces of globalisation, which itself is a process of increasing interdependence and interconnectedness between countries.
No country or sector or institution is immune from the process of globalisation, including higher education. More internationalisation naturally leads to more globalisation, thus creating a virtuous cycle, which helps explain the increasing pace of change of the two phenomena.
Internationalisation involves both push and pull factors and, as such, it is both a planned response and a reactive process by institutions ie, both a cause and effect. In an increasingly globalised knowledge community, it is important for institutions to create a formal strategy based on a systematic research-based analysis of the international higher education landscape.
As such, internationalisation is both driving and responding to the increased demand for higher education worldwide.
The internationalisation of higher education manifests itself in many ways, such as: Cross-border inter-institutional partnerships, for example, research partnerships, twinning or franchise arrangements, and overseas branches; The exporting of educational services worldwide, for example, global course delivery, and study abroad; Implementing a global dimension into the core activities and initiatives of the institution, for example, internationalising the curriculum and learning experiences.
At the very least, internationalisation requires that universities acquire intercultural competencies and it imposes new demands on universities at all levels, thus expanding their mission, vision and core institutional values.
However, internationalisation is not solely the geographic extension of an institution across national borders. It is also the internal transformation of an institution to make it more globalised in all respects. For global universities, aided by advances in technology and the reduction of international trade barriers and travel restrictions, the production of learning and the delivery of knowledge through teaching, research and service are no longer restricted by the traditional barriers of space and time.
Although globalisation is commonly viewed as an economic process through increased trade and more intertwined global economic systems, it also involves socio-political processes. Since economic systems are embedded within larger socio-political systems, it follows that socio-political systems are also impacted by globalisation and internationalisation.
International HE as a positive force The playing field for most universities is now the global landscape. As such, many universities are multinational organisations wherein they have comprehensive internationalisation strategies to better address the increasingly competitive nature of international student and faculty recruitment, among other factors.
However, the answer to these problems will not be found by restricting access to higher education or by curbing the flow of higher education across national borders but rather by increasing the availability supply of high quality and meaningful higher education through innovation and diversification, in order to meet the burgeoning global demand for higher education.
For these reasons, international higher education is a worthy goal to pursue in its own right and at every level: For instance, international scholar programmes such as the Fulbright Program continue to yield huge benefits by improving international relations and intercultural understanding between nations.
As one benchmark of its success in doing this, the Fulbright Program has produced perhaps more Nobel laureates than any other academic scholarship and international exchange programme in the world.
The world needs more programmes like this, not less, and concomitantly the world needs more international higher education, not less. For instance, organisations such as the International Higher Education Teaching and Learning Association and the International Association of Universitiesamong others, are aimed at improving international understanding through improving higher education development and capacity building.
These organisations include a diverse network of international educators from vastly different cultures and institutions who come together to explore new ways to develop international higher education through sharing of knowledge and collaborative research projects.
Strengthening democracies Increasing the availability of international education should not only help nations become more economically competitive, which is important for economic growth and job creation, but it should also help strengthen democratic societies also.
In the book, Democratizing Higher Education, research shows that international higher education has been an important vehicle to not only help meet the growing global demand for higher education but also to serve as a positive force for democratising societies by providing a natural vehicle through which students, faculty, administrators and others increase their intercultural understanding and cooperation.
Within this context, the internationalisation of higher education is a positive force for strengthening democratic societies around the world because it serves as a main vehicle for lifelong learning and because it is a needed component for extending the democratic social contract to all people.
As the world moves further into the 21st century, higher education will play an increasingly important role in the world.
In the book, Democratizing Higher Education, the following question emerged from the research findings: How can higher education help prepare students to live and work in a globalised world?
International higher education provides a meaningful way to help accomplish that goal. Patrick Blessinger is the founder and executive director of the International Higher Education Teaching and Learning Association and an adjunct associate professor of education at St.Chinese Ambassador to Jamaica Tian Qi (left) and Lady Allen, patron of the Chinese Gardens, tour the Chinese Gardens at Hope Gardens on in Kingston on May 2, , along with board members of the Nature Preservation Foundation.
In Jamaica’s most recent turn at the electoral wicket, globalisation did not feature prominently in the exchanges, nor, indeed, did any other significant foreign policy issues. A Hackney councillor with an interest in film-making and black history, Patrick Vernon tells of a quest that took him from his east London home to Africa, to find out where he 'came from'.
AS I stood on the rocky ledge looking out over the Atlantic Ocean. 1. Causes of globalization affecting Jamaica: * For Jamaica, the main reason for globalization was darker. The energy Crisis of the early s forced the Jamaican Government to take out loans from the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank to cover the rising expenses of fuel based imports.
Organisation: SOLE Colombia. Adriana is a communication designer, visual thinker and entrepreneur that believes in empowering people to take ideas into social actions. Introduction Globalization through dam building (for electricity) and tourism (for economic security), has imposed positive and negative effects on many countries and cultures.
This paper focuses on tourisms impact on Jamaica and the consequences dams have had in Thailand. For both countries.