During a long, hard journey home, the people on the ship suffered from starvation, scurvy, and harassment by Portuguese ships. In command of five ships and men, Magellan sailed to West Africa and then to Brazil, where he searched the South American coast for a strait that would take him to the Pacific. At the end of Marchthe expedition set up winter quarters at Port St. On Easter day at midnight, the Spanish captains mutinied against their Portuguese captain, but Magellan crushed the revolt, executing one of the captains and leaving another ashore when his ship left St.
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InMagellan and his brother were assigned to a Portuguese fleet headed for India. Over the next seven years, Magellan participated in several expeditions in India and Africa and was wounded in several battles. In he joined the enormous ship, 15,soldier force sent by King Manuel to Morocco to challenge the Moroccan governor who refused to pay its yearly tribute to the Portuguese empire.
The Portuguese easily overwhelmed the Moroccan forces, and Magellan stayed on in Morocco. While there he was seriously wounded in a skirmish, which left him with a limp for the rest of his life. From Portugal to Spain In the 15th century, spices were at the epicenter of the world economy, much like oil is today.
Highly valued for flavoring and preserving food as well as masking the taste of meat gone bad, spices like cinnamon, clove, nutmeg and especially black pepper, were extremely valuable.
Since spices Expeditions after magellan not be cultivated in cold and arid Europe, no effort was spared to discover the quickest sea route to the Spice Islands.
Portugal and Spain led the competition for early control over this critical commodity. Europeans had reached the Spice Islands by sailing east, but none had yet to sail west from Europe to reach the other side of the globe.
Magellan was determined to be the first to do so. By now an experienced seaman, Magellan approached King Manuel of Portugal to seek his support for a westward voyage to the Spice Islands. The king refused his petition repeatedly. In a frustrated Magellan renounced his Portuguese nationality and relocated to Spain to seek royal support for his venture.
When Magellan arrived in Seville in Octoberhe had no connections and spoke little Spanish. Just 18 years old at the time, King Charles I granted his support to Magellan, who in turn promised the young king that his westward sea voyage would bring immeasurable riches to Spain.
Strait of Magellan On August 10, Magellan bade farewell to his wife and young son, neither of whom he would ever see again, and the Armada De Moluccas set sail. Magellan commanded the lead ship Trinidad and was accompanied by four other ships: The fleet reached South America a little more than one month later.
There the ships sailed southward, hugging the coast in search of the fabled strait that would allow passage through South America. Magellan quickly quelled the uprising, executing one of the captains and leaving another mutinous captain behind. Meanwhile Magellan had sent the Santiago to explore the route ahead, where it was shipwrecked during a terrible storm.
With those disastrous events behind them, the fleet left Port San Julian five months later when fierce seasonal storms abated.
On October 21, Magellan finally entered the strait that he had been seeking and that came to bear his name. The voyage through the strait was treacherous and cold, and many sailors continued to mistrust their leader and grumble about the dangers of the journey ahead. In the early days of the navigation of the strait, the crew of the San Antonio forced its captain to desert, and the ship turned and fled across the Atlantic Ocean back to Spain.
They were the first known Europeans to see the great ocean, which Magellan named Mar Pacifico, the Pacific Ocean, for its apparent peacefulness, a stark contrast to the dangerous waters of the strait from which he had just emerged.
In fact, extremely rough waters are not uncommon in the Pacific Ocean, where tsunamis, typhoons and hurricanes have done serious damage to the Pacific Islands and Pacific Rim nations throughout history. Little was known about the geography beyond South America at that time, and Magellan optimistically estimated that the trip across the Pacific would be rapid.
In fact it took three months for the fleet to make its way slowly across the vast Mar Pacifico. Magellan was now closer than ever to reaching the Spice Islands, but when the Cebu asked for his help in fighting their neighbors on the island of Mactan, Magellan agreed.
He assumed he would command a swift victory with his superior European weapons, and against the advice of his men, Magellan himself led the attack.Acknowledgement: This is an attempt to consolidate numerous records and accounts of sea kayak expeditions throughout the history of the sport of sea kayaking.
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After Magellan’s death, the survivors, in two ships, sailed on to the Moluccas and loaded the hulls with spice.
One ship attempted, unsuccessfully, to return across the Pacific. Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery of information or resources.
Exploration occurs in all non-sessile animal species, including humans. In human history, its most dramatic rise was during the Age of Discovery when European explorers sailed and charted much of the rest of the world for a variety of reasons.
Since then, major explorations after the Age of Discovery. Ferdinand Magellan was born in Sabrosa, Portugal, in into a noble family. After serving as a court page for two years, his adventurous spirit led him to a career as an explorer.
In , Magellan went to the Spice Islands (Indonesia) to participate in several military and exploratory. Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines. The Magellan Expedition. Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese in the service of the Spanish crown, was looking for a westward route to the to the Spice Islands of grupobittia.com March 16, , Magellan's expedition landed on Homonhon island in the grupobittia.com was the first European to reach the islands.