Deadly human trafficking business on Mexico-US border Sinaloa cartel rivalries present an omnipresent risk of extortion, kidnapping and death for migrants travelling through. At first glance, the town seems a sleepy outpost. But this look is deceiving. Foot soldiers of the drug cartels, young, tough-looking men on bikes, patrol the blocks.
Timeline of the Mexican Drug War Due to its location, Mexico has long been used as a staging and transshipment point for narcotics and contraband between Latin America and U.
Mexican bootleggers supplied alcohol to the United States gangsters throughout the duration of the Prohibition in the United States and the onset of the illegal drug trade with the U. When enforcement efforts intensified in South Florida and the Caribbean, the Colombian organizations formed partnerships with the Mexico-based traffickers to transport cocaine by land through Mexico into the United States.
By the mids, the organizations from Mexico were well-established and reliable transporters of Colombian cocaine. At first, the Mexican gangs were paid in cash for their transportation services, but in the late s, the Mexican transport organizations and the Colombian drug traffickers settled on a payment-in-product arrangement.
This arrangement meant that organizations from Mexico became involved in the distribution, as well as the transportation of cocaine, and became formidable traffickers in their own right.
In recent years, the Sinaloa Cartel and the Gulf Cartel have taken over trafficking cocaine from Colombia to the worldwide markets. A disruption in the system, such as the arrests or deaths of cartel leaders, generates bloodshed as rivals move in to exploit the power vacuum.
During this time, drug cartels expanded their power and corruption, and anti-drug operations focused mainly on destroying marijuana and opium crops in mountainous regions.
There were no large-scale high-profile military operations against their core structures in urban areas until the Mexican electionwhen the right-wing PAN party gained the presidency and started a crackdown on cartels in their own turf.
Presidency of Vicente Fox[ edit ] Mexican soldiers training in August It is estimated that about people died in Nuevo Laredo between January and August as a result of the fighting between the Gulf and Sinaloa cartels. This action is regarded as the first major retaliation made against the cartel violence, and is generally viewed as the starting point of the Mexican Drug War between the government and the drug cartels.
A controversial campaign promise he calls a "strategy for peace", is to give amnesty to all Mexicans involved in drug production and trafficking as a way to stop the drug trade and the resulting turf violence.
It is the main foreign supplier of cannabis and an important entry point of South American cocaine  and Asian  methamphetamines to the United States. The export rate of cocaine to the U.
Drug shipments are often delayed in Mexican border towns before delivery to the US, which has forced drug traffickers to increase prices to account for transportation costs of products across international borders, making it a more profitable business for the drug lords, and has likely contributed to the increased rates of local drug consumption.
Poverty in Mexico One of the main factors driving the Mexican Drug War is the willingness of mainly lower-class people to earn easy money joining criminal organizations, and the failure of the government to provide the legal means for the creation of well paid jobs.
Poor teacher performance and learning outcomes are associated with the SNTE-dominated, centralized collective bargaining for many work rules[.What are the sources of increasing drug-related violence in Mexico and what is its economic impact, including direct and indirect costs?
"Drug Trafficking, Violence and Mexico’s Economic. The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws.
Most jurisdictions prohibit trade, except under license, of many types of drugs through the use of drug prohibition laws. Jun 16, · As drug cartels gain the power, the resources, and the capabilities to exploit a larger pool of victims in Mexico for trafficking purposes, the social fabric of the country become increasingly.
Sep 07, · Mexican Drug Trafficking (Mexico's Drug War) News about Mexican Drug Trafficking (Mexico's Drug War), including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. Latest. Drug Trafficking: The Multi-billion Dollar Business Increasing corruption levels among U.S.
law-enforcement agencies along the US-Mexico border, as evidenced by rising numbers of internal investigations, are also a major concern.
Watch video · CIA and Drug Trafficking ; Drug Trafficking in Recent Years ; Drug trafficking in the United States dates back to the 19th century.