You May Want to Know Legal drugs can either be bought over-the-counter or with a prescription from a medical doctor. Illegal drugs cannot legally be manufactured, bought or sold in the United States. And some other drugs are legal in some situations but illegal when abused. These differences between drugs can be confusing, but the United States government has made efforts to classify drugs in order to clarify the distinctions between their specifics risks and benefits.
Content[ edit ] The Controlled Substances Act consists of 2 subchapters. Subchapter I defines Schedules I-V, lists chemicals used in the manufacture of controlled substances, and differentiates lawful and unlawful manufacturing, distribution, and possession of controlled substances, including possession of Schedule I drugs for personal use; this subchapter also specifies the dollar amounts of fines and durations of prison terms for violations.
Subchapter II describes the laws for exportation and importation of controlled substances, again specifying fines and prison terms for violations. When a petition is received by the DEA, the agency begins its own investigation of the drug.
The DEA also may begin an investigation of a drug at any time based upon information received from laboratories, state and local law enforcement and regulatory agencies, or other sources of information. Then, HHS solicits information from the Commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration and evaluations and recommendations from the National Institute on Drug Abuse and, on occasion, from the scientific and medical community at large.
The Assistant Secretary, by authority of the Secretary, compiles the information and transmits back to the DEA a medical and scientific evaluation regarding the drug or other substance, a recommendation as to whether the drug should be controlled, and in what schedule it should be placed.
The HHS recommendation on scheduling is binding to the extent that if HHS recommends, based on its medical and scientific evaluation, that the substance not be controlled, then the DEA may not control the substance.
Once the DEA has received the scientific and medical evaluation from HHS, the DEA Administrator evaluates all available data and makes a final decision whether to propose that a drug or other substance be controlled and into which schedule it should be placed.
Under certain circumstances, the Government may temporarily schedule  a drug without following the normal procedure. An example is when international treaties require control of a substance. In addition, 21 U. In any case, once these proceedings are complete, the temporary order is automatically vacated.
Unlike ordinary scheduling proceedings, such temporary orders are not subject to judicial review. The CSA also creates a closed system of distribution  for those authorized to handle controlled substances.
The cornerstone of this system is the registration of all those authorized by the DEA to handle controlled substances. All individuals and firms that are registered are required to maintain complete and accurate inventories and records of all transactions involving controlled substances, as well as security for the storage of controlled substances.
The CSA bears many resemblances to these Conventions. Both the CSA and the treaties set out a system for classifying controlled substances in several Schedules in accordance with the binding scientific and medical findings of a public health authority.
The domestic and international legal nature of these treaty obligations must be considered in light of the supremacy of the United States Constitution over treaties or acts and the equality of treaties and Congressional acts.
Covert the Supreme Court of the United States addressed both these issues directly and clearly holding: Nor is there anything in the debates which accompanied the drafting and ratification of the Constitution which even suggests such a result.The general public and many drug counselors really don't understand this book.
They cannot get over the idea that he shows people who benefit from a drug and, even more outrageously, control their use .
may lead to drug diversion and abuse by individuals who seek them for other than legitimate medical use. Nurses should be diligent in preventing the diversion of drugs for illegitimate purposes. If your drug use is out of control or causing problems, talk to your doctor.
Getting better from drug addiction can take time.
There’s no cure, but treatment can help you stop using drugs and stay drug-free. Your treatment may include counseling, medicine, or both. Talk to your doctor to figure out the best plan for you.
Points to Remember Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by drug seeking and use that is compulsive, or difficult to control, despite harmful consequences. More information about the Rat Park drug addiction experiments: • The making of Rat Park: extra information about the real-life grupobittia.comes my reference list.
• Globalization of Addiction: the post-Rat Park research of Bruce Alexander. • My Drug Period: lessons learnt from researching War on Drugs & Rat Park. • 10, / 1, / Breaking the Silence on Responsible Drug Use. The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of is the federal U.S.
drug policy under which the manufacture, importation, possession, use and distribution of certain narcotics, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, anabolic steroids and other chemicals is regulated.