Translated by Richard M.
See Important Quotations Explained Summary The poet invokes a muse to aid him in telling the story of the rage of Achilles, the greatest Greek hero to fight in the Trojan War. The narrative begins nine years after the start of the war, as the Achaeans sack a Trojan-allied town and capture two beautiful maidens, Chryseis and Briseis.
Agamemnon, commander-in-chief of the Achaean army, takes Chryseis as his prize. When Agamemnon refuses, Chryses prays to Apollo for help. Apollo sends a plague upon the Greek camp, causing the death of many soldiers.
After ten days of suffering, Achilles calls an assembly of the Achaean army and asks for a soothsayer to reveal the cause of the plague. Calchas, a powerful seer, stands up and offers his services.
Though he fears retribution from Agamemnon, Calchas reveals the plague as a vengeful and strategic move by Chryses and Apollo. Agamemnon flies into a rage and says that he will return Chryseis only if Achilles gives him Briseis as compensation. The men argue, and Achilles threatens to withdraw from battle and take his people, the Myrmidons, back home to Phthia.
Achilles stands poised to draw his sword and kill the Achaean commander when the goddess Athena, sent by Hera, the queen of the gods, appears to him and checks his anger.
Achilles prays to his mother, the sea-nymph Thetis, to ask Zeus, king of the gods, to punish the Achaeans. He relates to her the tale of his quarrel with Agamemnon, and she promises to take the matter up with Zeus—who owes her a favor—as soon as he returns from a thirteen-day period of feasting with the Aethiopians.
Meanwhile, the Achaean commander Odysseus is navigating the ship that Chryseis has boarded. When he lands, he returns the maiden and makes sacrifices to Apollo. Chryses, overjoyed to see his daughter, prays to the god to lift the plague from the Achaean camp.
Apollo acknowledges his prayer, and Odysseus returns to his comrades. But the end of the plague on the Achaeans only marks the beginning of worse suffering. Ever since his quarrel with Agamemnon, Achilles has refused to participate in battle, and, after twelve days, Thetis makes her appeal to Zeus, as promised.
Zeus is reluctant to help the Trojans, for his wife, Hera, favors the Greeks, but he finally agrees. Hera becomes livid when she discovers that Zeus is helping the Trojans, but her son Hephaestus persuades her not to plunge the gods into conflict over the mortals. Analysis Like other ancient epic poems, The Iliad presents its subject clearly from the outset.
Indeed, the poem names its focus in its opening word: Although the Trojan War as a whole figures prominently in the work, this larger conflict ultimately provides the text with background rather than subject matter.$ , was released by the government to the public due to UN collaboration and end-of-year donation the sum of $ 50, was sent to each card It is advisable that you contact us now to receive.
The wrath of Achilles is finally assuaged in Book XXIV. Many people have noted connections between the last Book and the first because both involve a father seeking the return of a child.
Agamemnon's rejection of Chryses in Book I leads to all of the events of the Iliad. Oct 14, · Chapter Summary for Homer's The Iliad, book 9 summary.
Find a summary of this and each chapter of The Iliad! Chapter Summary for Homer's The Iliad, book 9 summary.
Find a summary of this and each chapter of The Iliad! Analysis. In Agamemnon's and Achilles's second interaction in the poem, this time through intermediaries, issues of pride. COMMENTARY ON THE ILIAD: BOOK NINE, A CRUCIAL TURNING POINT IN THE POEM (all quotations from the Iliad are from the translation of Richmond Lattimore, ©University of Chicago Press, )THE ASSEMBLY When book nine opens, the Greeks have suffered serious reverses.
~LXVI+ ON VARIOUS ASPECTS OF VIRTUE. I HAVE just seen my former school-mate Claranus for the first time in many years. You need not wait for me to add that he is an old man; but I assure you that I found him hale in spirit and sturdy, although he is wresthng with a frail and feeble body.
The Iliad (/ ˈ ɪ l i ə d /; Ancient Greek: Ἰλιάς Iliás, pronounced in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to grupobittia.com during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy (Ilium) by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and events during the.